A Beginner’s Guide to Creating a Child Theme in WordPress

**The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide to Creating a Child Theme in WordPress**

So you’ve decided to take the plunge into the world of WordPress customization. You want your website to stand out from the crowd, reflect your unique style, and showcase your creativity. But where do you start? How can you make changes to your website without risking the integrity of your theme? The answer lies in creating a child theme.

**What is a Child Theme?**

A child theme is essentially a separate theme that inherits all the functionality and styling of its parent theme. This allows you to make changes to your website’s appearance and functionality without altering the original theme files. It acts as a protective layer, ensuring that your customizations remain intact even when the parent theme is updated.

**Why Should You Use a Child Theme?**

Using a child theme offers numerous benefits. First and foremost, it allows you to make changes to your website’s design and functionality without the risk of breaking your site. This means you can experiment with different styles, layouts, and features without worrying about negatively impacting your site’s performance.

Additionally, using a child theme makes it easier to update your parent theme. When the parent theme releases updates, you can safely install them without losing your customizations. This ensures that your website stays secure and up-to-date with the latest features and bug fixes.

**Getting Started: Creating Your Child Theme**

Creating a child theme may sound intimidating, but fear not – it’s actually quite simple. All you need to do is create a new folder in your WordPress directory and create a few essential files. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

1. Create a new folder in your ‘wp-content/themes’ directory. Name it something related to your parent theme, followed by ‘-child’ (e.g., ‘twentytwenty-child’).

2. Inside your new folder, create a ‘style.css’ file. This file will contain your child theme’s information, such as its name, author, and template.

3. Open your ‘style.css’ file and add the following information at the top:
Theme Name: My Child Theme
Description: A child theme of My Parent Theme
Author: Your Name
Template: my-parent-theme

4. Save your ‘style.css’ file and create a ‘functions.php’ file in the same directory. This file will be used to enqueue your child theme’s styles and scripts.

**Customizing Your Child Theme**

Now that you’ve created your child theme, it’s time to start customizing it to fit your preferences. Here are a few ways you can make changes to your child theme:

1. Style.css: Use CSS to customize your website’s appearance, such as changing fonts, colors, spacing, and layout. You can also override styles from the parent theme to achieve your desired look.

2. Functions.php: Use PHP to add new functionality to your website, such as custom widgets, shortcodes, or custom post types. You can also enqueue scripts and styles to enhance your website’s performance.

3. Template files: Copy template files from your parent theme to your child theme directory and make modifications as needed. This allows you to customize specific parts of your website, such as headers, footers, and page layouts.

4. Customizer: Use the WordPress Customizer to make changes to your website in real-time, such as editing text, images, and colors. This user-friendly tool makes it easy to personalize your website without any coding knowledge.


Creating a child theme in WordPress is a valuable skill that every website owner should possess. By using a child theme, you can customize your website without risking the integrity of your theme or losing your customizations during theme updates. With a little time and effort, you can create a website that truly reflects your unique style and personality. So go ahead, roll up your sleeves, and start creating your child theme today – your website will thank you for it!

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