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Characteristics of Strategic Management

by Mosaniy Editorial
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The process of formulating and putting into practice strategies that will provide a better fit between the organization and its environment and aid in the achievement of organizational goals is known as strategic management. Following are a few of the key aspects or traits of strategic management:

Facilitates Strategy Implementation

The ability to support the efficient implementation of a plan or strategies is one of strategic management’s key features. Strategic management’s primary roles in accomplishing corporate objectives are the formulation and application of strategies. Furthermore, if a plan is merely developed and not put into practice, it cannot be considered strategic management because it is not what strategic management is all about.

Directed Towards Overall Direction of an Organization

Strategic management entails affecting the organization’s overall course. It entails the choices and actions made at the top to guide overall operations toward the accomplishment of specific predetermined objectives. Both functional and organizational levels define goals and objectives. They comprise financial objectives, marketing objectives, and objectives for human research, objectives for R&D, and objectives for manufacturing. Goals should be set up so that the functional and organizational objectives are very rationally related. Strategic management is constantly focused on the general direction of the business as well as the set of goals and objectives that help get there.

Decision Making Among Several Stakeholders

Stakeholders are individuals or groups that can influence how a business is run and how its objectives are met. There are several stakeholders in a business. They include the government, labor unions, clients, employees, and suppliers as well as financial and social institutions. Each of them joined the organization for different reasons. Until a company fulfills or exceeds their expectations, they will continue to support it. Organizations that effectively handle stakeholder interactions fare well. Stakeholder support is essential for making strategic decisions.


Planning for both foreseeable and improbable contingencies is what strategic management is all about. It works in an ambiguous context. Though it makes lofty objectives and promises good outcomes, occasionally the outcomes are ambiguous or unexpected.


A complex phenomenon, strategic management. It operates in an unpredictably uncertain environment. Because the environment is uncertain, complexity results from the uncertainty. Managers must pay closer attention to the intricacies of the environment and consider the influences that could influence the formulation of long-term goals.


For the organization, strategic management is essential. An organization without a strategy resembles a ship without a rudder that is sailing in a circle. The organization’s strategy is its most important tool for achieving its objectives.

Long-Term or Future Prospective Implications

Strategic management discusses potential outcomes and affects how an organization will develop in the future. It may have established goals that went beyond five years. It gives the organization’s immediate goals the least attention. It makes future predictions, keeps tabs on market conditions, assesses potential dangers and opportunities, and defines goals that have an impact on the organizations’ long-term objectives. This affects the organization’s vision, mission, and goals.

Inclusion of both long-term and short-term objectives

The term “objectives” refers to the desired results over a specified period of time. Strategic management considers both long-term and short-term objectives. Managers must maintain both a focus on the organization’s current operating needs and a vision for its future.

Studies show that business executives routinely disregard the expense of long-term shareholder value generation in favor of short-term gains. To accomplish long-term aims, short-term goals must first be met. They shouldn’t, however, take precedence over long-term objectives.

Effectiveness and Efficiency Trade-Off

Performing actions at a cheap cost compared to a benchmark is efficiency, whereas effectiveness means customizing actions to the needs of an organization rather than squandering resources. In other words, efficiency is doing things correctly, while effectiveness is doing the right things.

The goal of strategic management is to find a balance between effectiveness and efficiency. Its short-term goal is to maintain efficiency, and its long-term goal is to look ahead to potential opportunities in the competitive environment.

Competitive advantage over rivals

Competitive advantage refers to a firm’s assets and skills that provide it the advantage over rival businesses in its sector. It is a business’s advantage over rival companies.

A business acquires a competitive edge when it adopts a strategy that its rivals find difficult to mimic or too expensive to do so. Companies must understand that no competitive advantage lasts indefinitely. To get a competitive edge, raise the product’s worth through improving consumer happiness. The success of an organization depends on it. Strategic management so emphasizes creating distinctive, valuable, and challenging to copy or imitate competitive advantages.

Strategic Fit for Purpose

A strategic fit occurs when organizational strengths and environmental opportunities are properly matched. Strategic management can be seen as the pursuit of a strategic fit with the corporate environment. Strategic alignment equips a company to handle environmental uncertainty. Strategic management therefore seeks a strategic match to produce greater outcomes.

Only A Means

The only way to accomplish organizational goals is through strategic management. This means that it is not the goal itself. Many times, it might not be effective, particularly if weak control was used and the underlying presumptions used to formulate the plan changed throughout its execution. Therefore, success is not always guaranteed by strategic management.

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