A traditional research design is the blueprint or detailed plan for completing a study of operationalization variables to measure the sample of interest for the study, collect data to test the hypothesis and analyze the results. Through research design, researchers decide to inform others of the decision to use the study design, how the information has been collected, analyzed and how the findings are dealt with. Research design plays an essential role in the field of research because it facilitates a smooth navigation of the different research activities, so that research is so efficient that maximum information is provided with minimum effort, time and money. The architecture of research has a significant influence on the reliability of the results achieved. It therefore serves as a firm foundation for the rest of the study.
There are four types of research designs which are:
- Exploratory Research: Just as the word implies, it explores, that is to find out about something by answering the question in “what” or “How” manner.
- Descriptive Research: This is more in-depth research that answered the question what and how.
- Explanatory Research: This seeks to explain the subject matter being researched and tries to answer the question what, how and why.
- Evaluation Research: This is quite extensive as it measures the effectiveness of a program.
With a clear understating of the types of research designs, design research can be drawn. Just like the way an architect chooses a layout from its many designs to fit a specific landscape, the same way a research design is picked from the many designs to fit the type of research being carried out.